Managing Public Relations CL [James E. Grunig] on by James E. Grunig and Todd T. Hunt is a must-have for PR students and professionals. Get this from a library! Managing public relations. [James E Grunig; Todd Hunt]. GRUNIG & HUNT’S FOUR MODELS OF PUBLIC RELATIONS. In the book “Managing Public Relations” from James E. Grunig and Todd. Hunt.

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It is a one-way form of communication.

The two-way symmetrical model is deemed the most ethical model, one that professionals should aspire to use in their everyday tactics and pulbic Simpson, Discussion Point Do you think the two-way symmetrical model is plausible? However, the communication pattern is still one-way.

Managing Public Relations

For example, can we represent the interests of loyal employee groups while our shareholders demand layoffs in favor of low-cost offshore suppliers? Some press releases and newsletters are created based on this model, when audiences are not necessarily targeted or researched beforehand.

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William Sledzikassociate professor of journalism and mass communication at Kent State University:. Skip to content Increase Font Size.

However, this book focuses on a public relations approach based particularly on writing for the media. Do you think the two-way symmetrical model is plausible?

For instance, they may argue that political lobbying is a form of public relations because lobbyists engage in communication activities and client advocacy in order to shape the attitudes of Congress Berg, What is public relations? The public information model moves away from the manipulative tactics used in the press agent model and presents more accurate information.

Relationz do not conduct audience analysis research to guide their strategies and tactics. Here, practitioners are negotiators and use communication to ensure that all involved parties benefit, not just the organization that employs them.

Managing public relations / James E. Grunig, Todd Hunt – Details – Trove

Some experts think of public relations more broadly. In this model, accuracy is not important and organizations do not seek audience feedback or conduct audience analysis research. One example is propagandist techniques created by news media outlets in North Korea. Furthermore, the goal is to disseminate communication based on the ppublic symmetrical model presented by Grunig and Hunt Why do companies need public relations?


These models serve as guidelines to create programs, strategies, and tactics. William Sledzikassociate professor of journalism and mass communication at Kent State University: Still, persuasive communication is used in this model to benefit the organization more so than audiences; therefore, it is considered asymmetrical or imbalanced.

Consider this example from Dr. Grunjg, the two-way symmetrical model argues that the public relations practitioner should serve as a liaison between the organization and key publics, rather than as a persuader.