For nearly three centuries Malleus Maleficarum (The Witches’ Hammer) was the professional manual for witch hunters. This work by two of the most famous. While the Malleus Maleficarum was the first comprehensive book of witchcraft and witchcraft prosecution, its authors did not create all their theories on witches. The Malleus Maleficarum was meant to be a manual for inquisitors. It laid foundations for much of the early modern period’s witch persecutions.
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Malleus Maleficarum Index
The Malleus Maleficarum. The Hammer of Witches.
While the Malleus Maleficarum was the first comprehensive book of witchcraft and witchcraft prosecution, its authors did not create all their theories on witches. Although witch hunting had certainly not reached its peak in Europe at this time, beliefs about witchcraft were widely popular and prosecution of witches was not mwleficus of.
Malleus Maleficarum (1486)
Up to this malldus, the prosecution of witches was mostly the job of the ecclesiastical courts, whose influence did not extend beyond the church. One of the major contributions of the Malleus Maleficarum was that it popularized the belief of witchcraft as heresy, a crime against God.
Previously, the courts had mostly pursued witchcraft when it involved maleficia, or harmful acts. With the publication of the Malleus Maleficarum and subsequent changes in judicial law, the persecution of witches became the business of the elites and the civil courts and thus witchcraft malleeus began to spread like wildfire.
The Malleus Maleficarum is divided into 3 parts: Part 1 discusses beliefs about witches and their practices Witches were thought to: Part 1 also discusses the Biblical and theological basis of witchcraft.
Part 2 discusses in detail how witches cause harm and how that harm can be prevented. Part 3 is chiefly concerned with the legal aspects of trying and convicting witches.
The authors justified their harsh tactics because it was believed necessary to vigorously persecute witches in order to protect the pious and the innocent from the danger of the devil information in this table taken from RobbinsGuileyand Kramer. Jakob Sprenger approx prior and regent of studies of the Cologne Convent later became Dean of Cologne University – named provincial of the Province of Germany.
Heinrich Kramer approx prior of the Dominican House in Schlettstadt in Lower Alsace – appointed inquisitor for several German provinces the Bishop of Brixen expelled him as inquisitor for using fraudulent tactics to convict witches. The Bull, whose intent was to quell Protestant objection to the Inquisition, was an important precedent to the Malleus Maleficarumwhich was adopted as a witch hunting manual by both Catholics and Protestants in Germany, France, and Italy. The Malleus Maleficarum “crystallized malleuz a fiercely stringent code previous folklore about black magic with church dogma on heresy, and God gives the Devil mallleus power and thus prevents him from destroying the world.
Part 3 is chiefly concerned with the legal aspects of trying and convicting witches outlines procedures for taking testimony, questioning suspects and torture states that the identity of an accuser may be withheld from the suspected witch judges are allowed to lie to the accused and promise immunity if they confess The authors justified their harsh tactics because it was believed necessary to vigorously persecute witches in order to protect the pious and the innocent from the danger of the devil.