The scale is composed of 24 items divided into 2 subscales, 13 concerning performance anxiety, and 11 pertaining to social situations. The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) was the first evaluation The score equal to or greater than 32 is suggested as a cutoff score for the. The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) is a widely used The original LSAS model implied by the scoring instructions yields seven.

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Moreover, it is possible that the Safren and Baker models would have achieved a better fit in a larger sample.

Published online Mar It is commonly used to study outcomes in clinical trials and, more recently, to evaluate the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral treatments.

A confirmatory factor analysis of specific phobia domains in African American and Caucasian American young adults. Weisberg1, 3 and Martin B.

Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale

Psychometric properties of the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale. Med Clin Barc The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale: Scores higher than 90 indicate that Sovial is highly probable.

An Initial Psychometric Investigation”. Since its invention, the LSAS has been used in many cognitive-behavioral treatments of social phobia. Senior clinical staff reviewed interview data for clinical and clerical errors, which were corrected before the data were entered on the computer master file. Monte Carlo evaluations of goodness-of-fit indices for structural equation models.

Liebowitz social anxiety scale

When avoidance is not possible, physiological symptoms, such as sweating and flushing, can be seen. This structure was preferred in a sample of treatment aocial individuals diagnosed with SAD Safren et al. The results found were excellent regardless of the technique used, highlighting the discriminatory capacity of the LSAS-SR.

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Future work might also utilize an item-response approach to examine whether LSAS items “behave” in a similar way in African American as in European American populations. Among the sample groups, according to the post-hoc analysis Bonferronithe C group had the highest mean score, followed by the SC and NC groups. Specifically regarding the discriminant validity, ten studies were found [ 6 — 15 ] which indicated that SAD participants presented significantly higher scores than participants without SAD or with other anxiety disorders, regarding both subscales and the overall score.


In relation to the definition of the cutoff scores, the intervals between 32 and 39 for the discrimination between C and NC, and 30 to 35 for SC and NC, were those with the best balance of the evaluated parameters. Data are available upon request to researchers who meet the criteria for access to confidential information. Scores in this range are typical of persons entering treatment for the generalized type of SAD. The final sample, composed of participants, presented a predominance of female students, from a public university, enrolled in the first years of the university course, mainly in the biological sciences area, independent of the clinical group.

Those who agreed to participate were given the terms of informed consent and after their formal acceptance were provided with an application notebook containing the Mini-SPIN and Identification Questionnaire instruments. Original 2-factor model social interaction, performance ; Safren 4-factor model social interaction, speaking, observation by others, eating and drinking ; and the Baker 5-factor model social interaction, nonverbal performance, ingestion, public performance, assertiveness.

We examined the 1-year temporal stability of LSAS scores in the 76 participants who had month and month data Table 1.

Liebowitz social anxiety scale – Wikipedia

Support Center Support Center. Eur Psychiatry22 4: Social anxiety across ethnicity: The original LSAS model implied by the scoring instructions yields seven different scores.

Research found that the internal consistency of the LSAS is high, too. PLosOne8 7: In scalf studies conducted in the United States [ 1113 ], with clinical populations of cases and non-cases, both arrived at the same cutoff value, suggesting a score of 30, for liebiwitz total scale, a value close to that of the present study.

To examine the factor structure, we estimated the sample covariance matrices using a maximum-likelihood solution in AMOS. Of docial, chose not to continue, citing lack of interest or availability, 53 were excluded for being aged below 17 or above 35 years, 41 for incorrect completion of the instruments and five due to the use of neuroleptics, giving a final sample of participants.


Nature and treatment of social anxiety disorders 2nd ed.

Only participants who had both a month and a month follow-up LSAS were included in the one-year temporal stability analyses. Specifically, Safren and colleagues found a superior factor structure that comprised only fear ratings and dropped five items to create the following subscales: Inter-rater reliability estimates for HARP interviews have been good to excellent, with intraclass correlation coefficients ICC ranging from. The Safren four-factor model social interaction, speaking, observation by others, eating and drinking has been supported in two studies Oakman et al.

Regarding the discrimination between the clinical groups, the group C participants presented a mean score significantly higher, in both the total score and in the scores of the subscales, than the SC group, with both groups presenting higher means than the NC group.

A structural equation model analysis of perceived anxieyt and psychological distress on worry among African American and European American amxiety adults. Strengths of our study include use of a clinical sample of adults of varying ages and SES, compared to previous studies that utilized undergraduate samples Melka et al.

It is noteworthy that, in relation to gender, the mean score was higher among the female participants. All subscales measures show high test-retest reliability. We then added postings in newspapers and on the internet to recruit directly from the community. Such analyses are needed given that none of the previously proposed factor structures were good fits for our data.

Moreover, examining the factor structure of measures in diverse samples may inform about whether the construct of social anxiety differs across ethnic and racial groups in clinically meaningful ways. Area under the ROC curve.

Method The sample was composed of Brazilians university students, allocated into three different groups, i.