Arch Chir Neerl. ; THE PATHOGENESIS OF EPIPHYSIOLYSIS CAPITIS FEMORIS. BOUMAN FG. PMID: ; [Indexed for MEDLINE]. Ugeskr Laeger. Feb 26;(9) [Delayed diagnosis of epiphysiolysis capitis femoris]. [Article in Danish]. Søballe K(1), Juhl M, Høgh JP. Z Orthop Ihre Grenzgeb. Nov-Dec;(6) [“Recurrent” epiphysiolysis capitis femoris–need for simultaneous stabilization of both hip joints].

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Normally, the head of the femurcalled the capital, should sit squarely on the femoral neck. Slipped capital femoral epiphysis in 3 generations. He is treated with surgical intervention and post-operative radiographs are shown in Figures B and C.

Slipped capital femoral epiphysis

The disease can be treated with external in-situ pinning or open reduction and pinning. Case 1 Case 1. Case 2 Case 2. In another 13 families, radiographic signs were found. Nelson textbook of pediatrics 19th ed. X-ray showing a slipped capital femoral epiphysis, before and after surgical fixation. Thank you for rating! In the pre-slip phase, there is a widening of the capitiss plate with irregularity and blurring of the physeal edges and demineralisation of the metaphysis.

Hip motion frmoris be limited, particularly internal rotation. In situ percutaneous pinning with multiple cannulated screws in an inverted triangle configuration.

Because the physis has yet to close, the blood supply to the epiphysis still should be derived from the femoral neck; however, this late in childhood, the supply is tenuous and frequently epiphysiplysis after the fracture occurs. While trauma has a role in the manifestation of the fracture, an intrinsic weakness in the physeal cartilage also is present.


A study in Scotland looked at the weight ofinfants, and followed them up to see who got SCFE. Ein Beitrag zum familiaeren Vorkommen der Epiphysiolysis capitis femoris.

Slipped capital femoral epiphysis – Wikipedia

Consultation with an orthopaedic surgeon is necessary to repair this problem. Children with a SCFE experience a decrease in their range of motion, and are often unable to complete hip flexion or fully rotate the hip inward. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. As such prophylactic pinning is recommended by some 3.

Which of the following vessels gives the greatest blood supply to the femoral head? Her radiograph is shown in Figure A. He is now unable to place weight on the left lower extremity, even with the assistance of crutches. Abnormal movement along the growth plate results in the slip. Which of the following is associated with the radiographic abnormality capitia in Figure B?

W B Saunders Co. This video briefly explain the etiologic factors that causes hip pain in child. What is the most appropriate treatment? SCFE is associated with a greater risk of arthritis of the hip joint later fmoris life. To epiphyslolysis yourself on this article, log in to see multiple choice questions. Almost all cases require surgery, which usually involves the placement of one or two pins into the femoral head to prevent further slippage.


The median total delay was six months with a delay of one month due to the patient and delay of three months due to the doctor. Signs of a SCFE include a waddling gaitdecreased range of motion. The reasons for and the extent capitiz delayed diagnosis of slipping of the epiphysis in the hip were analysed in 56 children 72 hips with ECF. You can also scroll through stacks with your mouse wheel or the keyboard arrow keys.

Once SCFE is suspected, the feoris should be non- weight bearing and remain on strict bed rest. What is fekoris best step in management? Grading System — based on percentage of slippage.

This page was last edited on 16 Novemberat Read it at Google Books – Find it at Amazon. Retrieved from ” https: The risk of reducing vapitis fracture includes the disruption of the blood supply to the bone.

SCFEs are most common in adolescents 11—15 years of age, [7] and affects boys more frequently than girls femoriss 2: Because the epiphysis moves posteriorly, it appears smaller because of projectional factors. The diagnosis is a combination of clinical suspicion plus radiological investigation.

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