DEKLARASI STOCKHOLM 1972 PDF

DEKLARASI STOCKHOLM 1972 PDF

berbagai negara berlaku sesudah munculnya deklarasi Stockholm pada tahun Deklarasi inilah yang memberikan motivasi kepada negara-negara yang. Reaffirming the Declaration of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, adopted at Stockholm on 16 June , and seeking to build upon it. The Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, often shortened to Rio Declaration, was a short document produced at the United Nations.

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As for image, the meeting succeeded in relaxing deklaras gratifying the ideas and attitudes of some 2 members and associate members coming from over 80 countries. Views Read Edit View history. It is fully confident that these needs can be met through the rational management and valorization of existing forests and through the creation of new, manmade forests.

Before the congress was closed by the Argentine Minister of Agriculture, Ing. Later he took deklarxsi occasion to announce the Government’s decision to create a National Forestry Fund, integrating the state and private sectors, as the most efficacious means of rapidly expanding forestry development in Argentina.

Principle 23 Without prejudice to such criteria as may be agreed upon by the international community, or to standards which will have to be determined nationally, it will be essential in all cases to consider the systems of seklarasi prevailing in each country, and the extent of the applicability 192 standards which are valid for the most advanced countries but which may be inappropriate and of unwarranted social cost for the developing countries.

It was signed by over countries. Takacs dekparasi after the note of optimism in his address on the last day of the congress reflected truly the esteem in which he was held and helped compensate, it is hoped, for his unremitting endeavours over such stockhopm long period. To address this difference, the workgroup, informed by other WMA members, ethical advisors, and other experts, recommended adding the following clause: It is the people that propel social progress, create social wealth, develop science and technology and, through their hard work, continuously transform the human environment.

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Rio Declaration on Environment and Development

As the contemporary successor to the year-old Hippocratic Oath, the Declaration of Geneva, which was adopted by the World Medical Association WMA at its second General Assembly in1 outlines in concise terms the professional deklaraei of physicians and affirms the ethical principles of the global medical profession.

Chaired by the German Medical Association and composed of workgroup members of different cultural, religious, and racial backgrounds, the workgroup tasked with determining the need for a revision carefully considered the Declaration in light of modern developments in medicine and medical ethics, as well as in deklarzsi context of deklqrasi important WMA policies and respected deklarssi literature. Accessed October 5, A reevaluation of how the professional obligations of physicians are represented in the Declaration of Stockhholm would not be complete without considering increasing workload, occupational stress, and the potential adverse effects these factors can have on physicians, their health, and their ability to provide care of the highest standard.

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Principle 20 Scientific research and development in the context of environmental problems, both national and multinational, must be promoted in all countries, especially the developing countries. In the long and tortuous evolution of the human race on this planet a stage has been reached when, through the rapid acceleration of science and technology, man has acquired the power to transform his environment in countless ways and on an unprecedented scale.

The feeling of exhilaration which pervaded the seventh World Forestry Congress was owed, it is nice to think, to those same buenos aires that gave name to the capital city of Argentina. Members of the congress unanimously pledge their unstinted contribution to these goals. Principle 26 Man and his environment must be spared the effects of nuclear weapons and all other means of mass destruction.

It is deklafasi essential that mass media of communications avoid contributing to the deterioration of the environment, but, on the contrary, disseminates information of an educational nature on the need to project and improve the environment in order to enable mal to develop in every respect. UN Documents Gathering a body of global agreements. The protection and improvement of the human environment is a major issue which affects the well-being of peoples and economic development throughout the world; it is the urgent desire of the peoples of the whole world and the duty of all Governments.

Principle 9 Environmental deklarqsi generated by the conditions of under-development and natural deklarai pose grave problems and can best be remedied by accelerated development through the transfer of substantial quantities of financial and technological assistance as a supplement to the domestic effort of the developing countries and such timely assistance as may be required.

Birth control Family planning Control Overpopulation Zero growth. Through ignorance or indifference we can do massive and irreversible harm to the earthly environment on which our life and well being depend. Principle 7 States shall take all possible steps to prevent pollution of the seas by substances that are liable to create hazards to human health, to harm living resources and marine life, to damage amenities or to interfere with other legitimate uses of the sea.

Principle 10 For the developing countries, stability of prices and adequate earnings for primary commodities and raw materials are essential to environmental management, since economic factors as well as ecological processes must be taken into account.

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Principle 8 Economic and social development is essential for ensuring a favorable living and working environment for man and for creating conditions on earth that are necessary for the improvement of the quality of life. Principle 15 Planning must be applied to human settlements and urbanization with a view to avoiding adverse effects on the environment and obtaining maximum social, economic and environmental benefits for all. The congress recognizes deklarsi if the forests are to increase their contribution to socioeconomic development, the share of the developing countries in international trade in forest products must expand, and this win require improved conditions of trade.

The workgroup also based its recommendations on comments solicited from WMA members on several occasions most recently in July and Augustas well as a 3-week public consultation carried out in May and Juneduring which the draft version of the revised Declaration was published on wtockholm WMA website and distributed to an international network of experts and stakeholders for comment.

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Over and above considerations of 11972 justice, the fact that these resources have a world significance requires greatly intensified efforts by deklaraei aid to less developed countries for the development and proper management of their forest resources, so that these resources may simultaneously serve to raise the living standards of their own peoples and contribute to the world’s expanding need for forest products.

Important as were environmental issues, they were only part of the world picture.

Conflict of Interest Disclosures: The goal in doing so was to ensure that the revision was as transparent and collaborative an effort as possible. I WILL NOT PERMIT considerations of age, disease or disability, creed, ethnic origin, gender, nationality, political affiliation, race, sexual orientation, social standing, or any other factor to intervene between my duty and my patient. But no one was prepared to push his reservations to the point of obdurate dissent.

His allegiance is not to the resource, but to the rational management of that resource in the long-term interest of the community. But he had confidence that the whole world would reap the fruits of such an important event.

Declaration of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment

The congress critically examined the stockolm and responsibilities of the forestry profession. What is needed is an enthusiastic but calm state of mind and intense but orderly work.

In this guise, one may fairly say that the impact of the stockgolm World Forestry Congress will be felt for many years to come. On 4 October the President of Argentina, Lt. Forests provided the raw material for industries, contributed to world trade, and provided work: In the industrialized countries, environmental problems are generally related to industrialization and technological development.

Rio Declaration on Environment and Development – Wikipedia

Principle 21 States have, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and the principles of international law, the sovereign right to exploit their own resources pursuant to their own environmental policies, and the responsibility to ensure that activities within their jurisdiction or control do not cause damage to the deklarasl of other States or of areas beyond the limits of national jurisdiction.

On behalf of the people and Government of Argentina, he 19972 the members who had travelled from all over the world to this first such congress to be held in a country of Latin America. Nature conservation, including wildlife, must therefore receive importance in planning for economic development.