Northrop Fryes Theory of Archetypes Compiled by Dilip Barad Dept. of English, M.K. Bh. It was not until the work of the Canadian literary critic Northrop Frye that archetypal criticism was theorized in purely literary terms. The major. “The Archetypes of Literature” by Northrop Frye – Free download as PDF File .pdf ), Text File .txt) or read online for free. Northrop Frye. The Kenyon Review, Vol.

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With the tragic, the seas, and especially floodssignify the water sphere. Anatomy of CriticismBook Review: The third part focuses on the deductive method of analysis.

The archetypes of literature – Northrop Frye – UGC NET English

Frye’s work breaks from both Frazer and Jung in such a way that it is distinct from its bt and psychoanalytical precursors. Thus an anthropologist makes a threadbare analysis of the origins of Hamlet under archetypal criticism. But either of them alone does not explain a work completely. The ogre and the witch are the subordinate characters here and these myths are the archetypes of satire.

Archetypal literary criticism – Wikipedia

In the human world rituals are performed voluntarily and they have their own ftye. Perfection is the end of all human efforts. Cultural appropriation Appropriation in sociology Articulation in sociology Trope literature Academic dishonesty Authorship Genius Intellectual property Recontextualisation. Eliot — Study notes and Summary. Bodkin’s Archetypal Patterns in Poetrythe first work on the subject of archetypal literary aechetypes, applies Jung’s theories about the collective unconscious, archetypes, and primordial images to literature.

The central pattern of the comic vision and the tragic vision in a myth is detailed below: These are presented as luminous or fiery.

Such myths are the archetypes of comedy, pastoral and idyll.


That is, from particular truths in a work, he draws forth general truths. How archetypes came to be was also of no concern to Frye; rather, the function and effect of archetypes is his interest.

Comedy is basically about the birth and revival of the hero as spring is symbolic of victory over winter. Vegetation is represented by the formations like gardens, parks and flowers in case of comic; in case of tragic, it is present in form of wild forest or barren land. Frazer was a social anthropologist and his book The Golden Bough makes a study of magic, religion and myths of different races.

The context of a genre determines how a symbol or image is to be interpreted. Such a criticism confines itself to the text and does not give any other background information about the text.

An author cannot intrude into his text and express his personal emotions and comments. Northrop Frye in his essay does not analyze any particular myth in a work and in. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

These are examples of symbols that resonate with archetypal critics. As for the tragic, vegetation is of a wild forest, or as being barren. That is, a reader may understand the pattern of a text, but how the pattern is evolved, he cannot understand without the background information, which may be called historical criticism.

Chemistry gained the status of science in the eighteenth century, and so did Biology in the nineteenth century. It is the antithesis, which resolves the problems and misunderstandings of man and makes him perceive truth both in religion and literary criticism. For the realm of vegetation, the comedic is, again, pastoral but also represented by gardens, parks, roses and lotuses.

Both figures involve the substitution of one term for another. Sacred scriptures of all religions have their own myths and an archetypal critic will have to examine them closely for an appropriate interpretation of texts.


Myth and archetype deals with origin of literary. The Collective Unconscious or Racial Memory Archetypal criticism dissects and analyses symbols, images and mythologies used by archetypee writer in his works, and these symbols, myths and rituals have their origin in primitive myths, rituals, folk-lore and cultures.

By itself, Jung’s theory of the collective unconscious accounts for a considerable share of writings in archetypal literary criticism; it also pre-dates the height of archetypal literary criticism by over a decade.

The mating of animals bby the meaning of reproduction.

Archetypal literary criticism

Rhythm in a Work The world of nature is governed by rhythm and it has got a natural fre. This kind of rhythm is there in the world of animals and in the human world also.

It is noted for its darkness, dissolution, the return of chaos, and the defeat of the heroic figure. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Waking and dreaming, and light and darkness are two antithetic factors, which bring about epiphany in a person. In literature both rhythm and pattern are recurrence of images, forms and words. The Jungian archetypal approach treats literatire texts as an avenue in which primordial images are represented. A meaningless criticism will distract the reader from literature.

Shakespeare also borrowed heavily from a speech by Medea in Ovid ‘s Metamorphoses in writing Prospero ‘s archteypes speech; nevertheless, the unique combination of these elements in the character of Prospero created a new interpretation of the sage magician as that of a carefully plotting hero, quite distinct from the wizard-as-advisor archetype of Merlin or Gandalf.